A cartographer accidentally finds a Bronze Age treasure in a forest in Sweden
In western Sweden, a man surveying a forest for his orienteering club discovered a trove of Bronze Age treasure estimated to be 2,500 years old.
There are about 50 items, including necklaces, bracelets, and clothing pins.
Experts say the jewellery was made for a woman, or women, of high status
“At first I thought it was a lamp,” said cartographer Thomas Karlsson, “but when I looked closer, I saw it was old jewellery.”
Swedish archaeologists say it is very rare to find such a hoard in a forest.
Ancient tribes usually left such offerings in rivers or wetlands. The hoard was on the forest floor, next to rocks.
It is thought that one or more animals had disturbed the earth, leaving the many items semi-exposed. They have been dated to the period between 750 and 500BC.
The forest site where an orienteering enthusiast found bronze treasure
Mr Karlsson said he had spotted the metallic glint while looking down at a map he was working on. At first he thought the ornaments were copies, as they were in such good condition.
Then he emailed a local archaeologist while having a coffee in the forest, regional newspaper Goteborgs-Posten reported.
The forest is near the town of Alingsas, about 48km (30 miles) northeast of Gothenburg.
Archaeologists describe it as a “depot” find – that is, a hoard deliberately left as an offering to a god or gods, or to invest in life after death.
This is believed to be an ankle ring, similar to Celtic torcs
The jewellery “is extremely well preserved”, said Prof Johan Ling, lecturer in archaeology at Gothenburg University.
“Most of the items can be linked to a woman, or women, of high status,” he said, quoted by Goteborgs-Posten.
The treasure includes a type of rod used to spur on horses, previously found in neighbouring Denmark, but not in Sweden.
Swedish law requires anyone finding such antiquities to notify the police or local authority, as they are regarded as state property.
The Swedish National Heritage Board then decides what reward, if any, the finder should receive.
Mr Karlsson said a reward “would be a nice bonus, but it’s not very important to me.
Archaeologist Mats Hellgren working at the site
“It’s fun to be a part of exploring history. We know so little about that era, because there are no written sources.”
In Scandinavia, the Bronze Age ran from about 1700BC to 500BC, when it gave way to the Iron Age. The Iron Age continued until about AD800 when the Viking Age began.
Pernilla Morner, an antiquities expert for the Vastra Gotaland region, said that “not since the bronze shields from Froslunda were excavated from a field in Skaraborg in the mid-1980s has such an exciting find from the Bronze Age been made in Sweden”.
VGRfokus, a news site for Vastra Gotaland, says a team of Gothenburg archaeologists is now investigating the site in detail.