A Child’s Skeleton was Unearthed During the Tozkoparan Mound Excavations


A Child’s Skeleton was Unearthed During the Tozkoparan Mound Excavations

The skeleton of a child found in the ongoing rescue excavations in Tozkoparan Tumulus, which is registered as a first-degree archaeological site in the Pertek district of Tunceli, has been preserved in the museum.

The rescue excavation, which was started because the mound, which is located in the Tozkoparan village of the district and which is considered to have traces of thousands of years of history, remained in the village settlement area and was damaged due to the houses built on it, continues.

With the permission of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, academics from various universities are also advising the excavations carried out under the leadership of the Tunceli Museum.

A team of about 15 people, consisting of anthropologists, archaeologists, art historians and intern students, take part in the excavations carried out in the city for the first time after 1968 using scientific methods.

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Working meticulously 5 days a week in order not to damage the historical texture, the teams came across the skeleton, which was thought to belong to a child.

Skeleton fragments, which were excavated with the help of a brush and spatula, were taken under protection in the Tunceli Museum.

In addition to pottery and pottery made of terracotta, obsidian, bone and stone tools and arrowheads were also found during the excavation. Artifacts that will shed light on history will be exhibited in the museum.

Duzce University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Archeology Instructor Member Yasemin Yılmaz told Anadolu Agency (AA) that they have been conducting surveys in Tunceli for about 6 years and have identified all archaeological periods in the city from the Lower Paleolithic period.

Stating that they completed the survey this year, Yılmaz said that they carried out excavations in Tozkoparan Tumulus with a delegation under the supervision of academicians from universities in Tunceli, Düzce, Erzurum and Diyarbakır under the chairmanship of the Tunceli Museum Directorate.

“Belonging to an individual in childhood”

Explaining that they are carrying out work in the areas where the mound was destroyed, Yılmaz said:

“Here we are trying to define the boundaries of the protected areas. Archaeological remains began to emerge just below the surface soil. A human skeleton was unearthed on the third day of the excavation. It belongs to an individual in childhood.

An individual lying shrunken in an oval-shaped pit dug into the ground, elongated in the north and south directions. This skeleton is very important because it belongs to the ancient society and provides us with direct information about that period.”

Stating that interdisciplinary studies have been carried out on skeletons recently, Yılmaz said, “We can determine the age of the skeletons or the nutritional system.

If the diseases he had suffered left traces on the bones, we can determine them. Of course, although we cannot obtain much data with a single sample, it is a pleasing residue for the beginning.” used the phrases.

Child skeleton found at the Tuzkoparan Höyük rescue excavation Photograph AA

Stating that they completed the archaeological chronology of the city with the surveys and this situation is pleasing, Yılmaz said, “Fest Travel supported us in the surveys. As of this year, we completed our surveys because we achieved all our goals. Tunceli is on the transit route of many civilizations. Our findings also confirmed this. We started preparing our findings for publication.” said.

Yılmaz stated that with the publication of the scientific articles they will prepare, the city will attract the attention of history and archeology enthusiasts.

“With the opening of Tunceli Museum, archaeological excavations gained momentum”

Excavation Director and Tunceli Museum Director Kenan Öncel also emphasized that with the opening of the museum in the city, archaeological work gained momentum.

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Noting that they started the first salvage excavation in Tozkoparan Mound within this scope, Öncel said, “We are planning to work in the area for about another month. Our aim is to determine the extent and boundaries of the mound. We continue our work in this direction. Tunceli Museum is currently the newest museum in Turkey. This rescue Our artifacts found during the excavation will enrich the collection of the Tunceli Museum and will also contribute significantly to the emergence of the province’s cultural past stratification.” he said.


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