Massive Roman-era site used by barbarians more than 1,800 years ago to make pottery found in Poland

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Massive Roman-era site used by barbarians more than 1,800 years ago to make pottery found in Poland

To date, archaeologists have unearthed the remains of only two furnaces. But the fact is that the fieldwork was preceded by a radar survey, so archaeologists should have an easy task excavating the remaining artefacts.

It was this that showed that about 1500 years ago there was a real ceramics factory here, which consisted of at least 130 kilns. In general, an area of ​​about five hectares was investigated using a magnetometer.

Remains of ancient furnaces. The archaeological work is only beginning as you can see from the section that was already excavated. Who knows what will be found when the whole place is uncovered.

The research results showed that this ancient pottery production centre produced only vessels with characteristic thicker sprouts.

These containers were about 70 centimetres high and 50 centimetres in diameter. Scientists believe they were used for food storage.


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As the expert explains, the containers were originally made using a potter’s wheel, which gained wide popularity during the Roman period. Then these vessels were fired in open ovens.

Scientists have previously established that in this area the furnaces worked at full capacity for two time periods – at the turn of the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD and in the 5th century.

Remains of a chair that was likely used to start a fire in one of the furnaces of the Roman era pottery production center in Poland.

At that time, these areas were inhabited by Germanic tribes, probably by Vandals.

At the moment, a larger “manufacturing” centre of the Roman period has been found only in Romania. But even there, the scale of production is still determined using magnetic scanning.

According to experts, a similar plant in Romania consisted of more than 200 ovens. But the work is not over yet, so it is premature to talk about which of these two “factories” was larger.

The expert also says that large metallurgical centers also operated on the territory of today’s Poland in the Roman period. The largest of them was located in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains.

Pottery by “Barbarians”
Fragment of a well-decorated vessel from the pottery production center in Poland.

In addition, similar “factories” were located in modern Mazovia and Silesia. To date, these are considered to be among the largest metallurgical centers in so-called barbarian Europe.

Both iron and pottery production are signals of thriving economic growth.

The main problem for archaeologists now is that the site is in danger of vandalism.

Excavations have been planned for next year. Until then, scientists will research the artefacts they discovered.


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One of the main questions is the longevity of the pottery production center. Whether it operated for a short period of time or whether it was used for centuries.

Earlier this year, archaeologists revealed the discovery of a colossal 5,500-year-old megalithic complex in Poland. You can read about this groundbreaking discovery in our separate article here.


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